- maimonidean controversy that divided Jewish scholars. The Jews of Aix were mentioned by the Provencal poet Isaac b. Abraham ha-Gorni who criticized them for their inhospitable attitude toward strangers. Shortly after 1789 nine Jewish families from Avignon settled in Aix-en-Provence. The Jewish population numbered 169 in 1809 and 258 in 1872 (out of a total population of 29,000), dwindling to 214 in 1900. In the mid-19th century Aix was the center in which the former traditions of the comtat venaissin communities were most faithfully preserved, largely through the activities of members of the milhaud and Crémieux families. In 1829, the Hebrew book by Moses Crémieux Ho'il Moshe Be'er was printed in Aix by François Gigia. The census conducted by the Vichy government in May 1941 recorded 33 Jewish families living in Aix. When the Germans entered the unoccupied zone in November 1942, 2,000 Jewish refugees from Germany and Eastern Europe were sent to Aix. Most of them were quartered in the nearby camp of Milles. In May 1943, following the roundup of Jews by the Germans in southern France, almost all the Jews in Aix were arrested and interned at drancy . They were subsequently deported to Germany and most perished in the Holocaust. (Bernhard Blumenkranz) -Modern Times The community practically disappeared during the years immediately following World War II. All the archives of the community disappeared during World War II. As the synagogue that was inaugurated in 1840 was no longer used for worship, it was sold in 1952 and became a Protestant church. The prayer books were distributed among several neighboring communities. The synagogue's centenary could not be celebrated in 1940, but darius milhaud , a native of Aix and great-grandson of the community's president when the synagogue was built, composed a cantata for the occasion, Crown of Glory, based on three poems by ibn gabirol and on prayers from the comtat venaissin . The arrival of North African Jews after 1956 created a new community. In 1967 there were about 1,000 Jews living in Aixen-Provence. As of 1987, the population was said to be 3,000. The rabbi and the rite of the synagogue are North African. The community is administered by a council called the Association Culturelle Israélite, which is affiliated with the Consistoire Centrale de France. An attempt was made to torch the synagogue on the afternoon of Yom Kippur, October 9, 2000. (Gilbert Lazard) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Z. Szajkowski (Frydman), Franco-Judaica (1963), index; idem, in: JSS, 6 (1944), 31–54; idem, Analytical Franco-Jewish Gazetteer (1966), 166, 168; E.Baratier, Demographie provençale (1961), 59–60, 216–211; Gross, Gal Jud, 46–48; J. Lubetzki, La condition des Juifs en France sous l'occupation allemande (1945), index; Shirmann, in: Lettres Romanes, 3 (1949), 175–200; Guide des Communautès Juives de France. 7 (1966), index.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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Aix en Provence — La Rotonde Détail … Wikipédia en Français
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Aix-en-Provence — [ɛksãprɔ vãs], Stadt im Département Bouches du Rhône, Südfrankreich, 123 800 Einwohner; liegt rechts vom Arc in fruchtbarer Ebene (Oliven , Wein und Mandelkulturen); Sitz eines Erzbischofs; Heilbad (33 ºC warme Mineralquellen gegen… … Universal-Lexikon
Aix-en-Provence — es un municipio de Francia del departamento de Bocas del Ródano. Es una de sus subprefecturas. * * * ► C. de Francia, antigua cap. de Provenza y hoy en el dep. de Bocas del Ródano; 123 842 h. * * * Ciudad (pob., 1999: 134.222 hab.) del sudeste de … Enciclopedia Universal
Aix-en-Provence — [ekseks än prō̂ väns′] city in SE France, near Marseille: pop. 124,000: also called Aix [eks] … English World dictionary
Aix-en-Provence — v. de France, ch. l. d arr. des B. du Rh.; 126 854 hab. Université. Festival de musique. Fondée par les Romains en 123 av. J. C. Cath. St Sauveur (XIIIe XIVe s.) … Encyclopédie Universelle
Aix-en-Provence — 43° 31′ 52″ N 5° 27′ 14″ E / 43.531127, 5.454025 … Wikipédia en Français